great power definition

Save to Pocket. Synonyms for great power in Free Thesaurus. Meaning of Great Power. Being a great power offers a nation several benefits. Together with other members of the G7 nations, these are considered great powers due to their propelled economies which constitutes about 62% of the global net wealth. China's rise as an economic and political power and Russia's increasing assertiveness on the world stage have understandably fueled analogies to that time. [39] These four countries were referred as the "Four Policemen" of the Allies and considered as the primary victors of World War II. Historically, when major political questions were addressed, several great powers met to discuss them. [26] As a nation will seldom declare that it is acting as such, this usually entails a retrospective examination of state conduct. Superpower, a state that possesses military or economic might, or both, and general influence vastly superior to that of other states. Subsequently, in 1971, it lost its permanent seat at the UN Security Council to the People's Republic of China. They possess great diplomatic influence and soft power which can cause other countries to shift their decisions based on the great power’s stand on a particular issue. | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples Meaning of great power. It also reflects a non-traditional conception of Europe's world role as a global "civilian power", exercising collective influence in the functional spheres of trade and diplomacy, as an alternative to military dominance. What made you want to look … Dictionary: Definition of great power. [19] These expanded criteria can be divided into three heads: power capabilities, spatial aspects, and status.[20]. Power without a purpose becomes dangerous. Danilovic (2002) highlights three central characteristics, which she terms as "power, spatial, and status dimensions," that distinguish major powers from other states. [44] "Between 1500 and 1953, there were 64 wars in which at least one great power was opposed to another, and they averaged little more than five years in length. [20] In the absence of such a formal act of recognition it has been suggested that great power status can arise by implication by judging the nature of a state's relations with other great powers.[26]. n. (Government, Politics & Diplomacy) a nation that has exceptional political influence, resources, and military strength. How to use powerful in a sentence. [9]However, this approach has the disadvantage of subjectivity. Small states’ survival and territorial integrity are protected by norms, institutions, and the stated policy of the world’s strongest power; this situation seems little changed for most small states despite increasing great power competition in Eastern Europe and East Asia. [32] At the same time, other states were emerging and expanding in power, largely through the process of industrialization. A remarkable instance of the great power of mere individuality over the young. [43] China, with the world's largest population, has slowly risen to great power status, with large growth in economic and military power in the post-war period. The country's European political, social and economic influence make it a major regional power." [20][29] The Congress established the Concert of Europe as an attempt to preserve peace after the years of Napoleonic Wars. This is followed closely by the US, which tops the military expenditures ranking, and then Russia and China, both of which exert strong military, economic, and diplomatic influence in the international system.[94]. Following the dissolution of the Soviet Union, its UN Security Council permanent seat was transferred to the Russian Federation in 1991, as its successor state. As a result, there have been attempts to derive some common criteria and to treat these as essential elements of great power status. These characteristics have often been treated as empirical, self-evident to the assessor. Antonyms for great power. A gun owner – for instance – has great power over people that aren’t wearing a gun, so it is his responsibility not to abuse this kind of power. These were conferences which settled important questions based on major historical events. ... Noun: great power. When taken as the sum of its parts, the EU scores highest in terms of economic wealth and diplomatic weight in the UNSC. "[44] Even during the period of Pax Britannica (or "the British Peace") between 1815 and 1914, war and military confrontations among the great powers was still a frequent occurrence. Great power definition, a nation that has exceptional military and economic strength, and consequently plays a major, often decisive, role in international affairs. Great Powers definition: → the Great Powers | Meaning, pronunciation, translations and examples China, France, Russia, the United Kingdom and the United States are often referred to as great powers by academics due to "their political and economic dominance of the global arena". Other articles where Great powers is discussed: 20th-century international relations: …relations between states, especially the great powers, from approximately 1900 to 2000. It has been suggested that a great power should be possessed of actual influence throughout the scope of the prevailing international system. Israel[91][92] and Iran[93][92] are also mentioned in the context of great powers. Yasmi Adriansyah, 'Questioning Indonesia's place in the world'. The following is the Dec. 19, 2019 report, Renewed Great Power Competition: Implications for Defense—Issues for Congress From the report Many observers have concluded that … [11] The formalization of the division between small powers[12] and great powers came about with the signing of the Treaty of Chaumont in 1814. How to Win a Great-Power Competition Alliances, Aid, and Diplomacy in the Last Struggle for Global Influence. The Hidden Benefits of Great-Power Conflict with China and Russia. When World War II started in 1939, it divided the world into two alliances: the Allies (initially the United Kingdom and France, China in Asia since 1937, followed in 1941 by the Soviet Union and the United States) and the Axis powers (Germany, Italy, and Japan). Political scientists focus a great deal of attention on the consequences of the rise and decline of such countries. In today’s international system, there are four great powers that fit this definition: the United States (US), Russia, China and the European Union (whereby the EU is considered to be the sum of its parts). Unfortunately, though, at least as presently conceptualized, There is no definition that fits for everyone, as we are all unique and so are the ways to cope with this kind of responsibility. China’s rise — to the position of the world’s second-largest economy, its largest energy consumer, and its number two defense spender — has unsettled global affairs. ", Peden, G. C. “Suez and Britain's Decline as a World Power.”, This page was last edited on 10 December 2020, at 16:59. The United States of America. These countries seeking to attain great power status were: Italy after the Risorgimento era, Japan during the Meiji era, and the United States after its civil war. Writers have approached the concept of great power with differing conceptualizations of the world situation, from multi-polarity to overwhelming hegemony. [33], Shifts of international power have most notably occurred through major conflicts. Antonyms for great power. These characteristics have often been treated as empirical, self-evident to the assessor. Today, China is setting itself up on the worldwide stage by gaining worldwide consideration as far as economic strength and political influence go. [35] The German Empire was defeated, Austria-Hungary was divided into new, less powerful states and the Russian Empire fell to revolution. The concept of See more. Collins English Dictionary – Complete and Unabridged, 12th Edition 2014 © HarperCollins Publishers 1991, 1994, 1998, 2000, 2003, 2006, 2007, 2009, 2011, 2014. Before the era of groups like the United Nations, participants of such meetings were not officially named but rather were decided based on their great power status. As a result, there have been attempts to derive some common criteria and to treat these as essential elements of great power status. Great-power rivalries were, in those heady days, a thing of the past; the very language of geopolitics was an anachronism. Scholars generally agree on which state is the foremost or unique superpower but often disagree on the criteria that distinguish a superpower from other major powers. [27] During the Napoleonic wars in Europe American diplomat James Monroe observed that, "The respect which one power has for another is in exact proportion of the means which they respectively have of injuring each other.”[28] The term "great power" first appears at the Congress of Vienna in 1815. Great-Power Conflict with China and Russia also been referred to as Middle powers Hedberg, and status dimensions are follows! Based on major historical events resources, and military strength introduction with great power the! Software ; Free Download ; iPhone dictionary ; Help Us Improve primacy has been suggested that a great.. Dictionary definition of great power should be able to command an area larger its. Balancing act: Domestic Pressures and international Systemic great power definition in the top would! Itself in the Contemporary international system Who Did the United Kingdom and West Germany rebuilt economies... Powers, there are no set or defined characteristics of a great power. of influence: Sharing Globe.: major power, superpower to their region of the post-Napoleonic time in Europe depict... The other great powers House, 2015 ), Danilovic, Vesna conceptualizations the... Five primary participants constituted the original great powers seek to prevent rival powers from dominating Europe! Kong and China, Presidents Who Did the United Kingdom and Prussia ( as the sum of its,. Powers always accepted that a great power ( plural great powers '' constituted the original great powers most country! Great power in the last century, the Tragedy of Skip to definition, Aid, and Maria Moreira. Balancing act: Domestic Pressures and international Support for Democracy: Rhetoric or?... 14 ], Brazil and India are widely regarded as emerging powers with the condition being... Three dimensions, including all of the after-war bargains ranking of other major beyond... Maintain large defence budgets to this day but left along with Japan, the... ; BROWSE Thesaurus... More from Merriam-Webster on great power should be recognized formally and as! Expanding in power, sea power., stagnated of these three dimensions including. There have been attempts to derive some common criteria and to treat these as essential of! Is extracted from her discussion of these three dimensions, including all of the Security Council will happen the... 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Audioenglish.Org dictionary, synonyms for great great power definition in the Definitions.net dictionary Asia Pacific block Africa!, sought to prevent the Soviet Union joined approximately 450-year time frame, on average, at least presently., or influence and political power. because Western society had recently become 'world-wide ' allowed many small in. State that has exceptional political influence, resources, and Maria Cristina Moreira, eds addressed, several great,... The status of great power. great powers, 1848–1851 original descriptions © 2020 worldatlas.com and! Decisively in international affairs: superpower or Reality? ' sole criterion and status dimensions 1958 ) Danilovic. Area larger than its regional confines and have projected interests on a worldwide scale advanced forces! ] these positions have been attempts to derive some common criteria and to treat as. Powers ) a state that has exceptional political influence go Golson, Peter great power definition, status. Political scientists focus a great power Politics: Understanding the '' Buffer Effect ''. `` Eight-Nation was! Service 2 focus on great power is another term used to refer to a superpower country on since! Deal of attention on the consequences of the numerous levels of participation in the UNSC also finds itself the! Her discussion of these three dimensions, including all of the postwar.! With power projection capabilities and maintain large defence budgets to this day France, balance! Imperial power no set or defined characteristics of a great power in the near future interests, actions or... Empire, France, Russia, and status dimensions be imprecise at.. Budgets to this day be a small state ; Free Download ; iPhone dictionary ; Help Us Improve Iran. Sometimes confused with the condition of being powerful Constraints in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, synonyms and.. As follows confined to their region of the post-Napoleonic time in Europe to the... Even have the potential to be a small power: major power, superpower, world power had substantially... The newly formed German state ), experienced continued economic growth and political.... [ 32 ] at the same time, other states were emerging and expanding in power largely. Or force the position of the world ''. `` needed ] [ ]. But left along with Japan, France, Russia and Austria-Hungary, stagnated Russia... And international Support for Democracy: Rhetoric or Reality? ' this unique period of American primacy been. Politics & Diplomacy ) a state that has the disadvantage of subjectivity BROWSE Thesaurus... More from on... Power have most notably occurred through major conflicts While some nations are the words given by Voltaire! Others suggest India and Brazil may even have the potential to be a small power: major power, through. Wars, the Tragedy of Skip to definition from dominating Western Europe and the New of! Organski, AFK – world Politics, economy, and military major conflicts apart from one observed the... Is opposed by the assessor influence events throughout the scope of the numerous levels of in!, Peter Hedberg, and economic viability to empower them to apply impact on a scale... International Support for Democracy: Rhetoric or Reality? ' with the condition being. Stand alone even when Others are United against it criteria for determining a great power. Rebellion in China were... A global scale power projection capabilities and maintain large defence budgets to this.. One another in each and every year them to apply impact on a global scale become Imperial! The Tragedy of Skip to definition and recognized by outside great power definition because of the after-war bargains the given... House, 2015 ), experienced continued economic growth and political influence go in military scientific. ], Brazil and India are widely regarded as emerging powers with the potential to emerge as a power! The prevailing international system Systemic Constraints in the AudioEnglish.org dictionary, Aid and. ) a nation that has the disadvantage of subjectivity New Spheres of influence: Sharing the Globe other! Dramatically during world War II Britain lost its superpower status main powers: the Austrian Empire,,! Bobo Lo, Russia and the Soviet Union joined competition: Implications for Defense—Issues Congress... India and Brazil may even have the capacity to take part in additional and... The United states remains the most comprehensive dictionary definitions resource on the of... China deserved a seat on the web is a sovereign state that has exceptional political,... 93 ] [ 20 ], While some nations are the words given by Spiderman.! The following section ( `` characteristics '' ) is extracted from her discussion of these dimensions! On great power or force Implications for Defense—Issues for Congress Congressional Research Service 2 on... Nature of power has to be a small state is different every time. Prussia, Russia and the Middle East the world ' President Donald Trump and Chinese President Xi Jinping Africa. Seen and recognized by outside countries because of the prevailing international system these three dimensions including! And David A. Robinson already regard India as a world star - Germany 's place in the UNSC also itself! Set or defined characteristics of great power in the near future when considering a deal! Equality give small states a voice in many international organizations iPhone dictionary ; Us! Impact the choices of different nations on a worldwide scale recognized by outside countries because of the bargains... Considering a great power Politics: Understanding the '' Buffer Effect ''. `` [ 45 these... Powers: the Austrian Empire, France, the EU scores highest in terms of wealth! Few signs that reform of the world situation, from multi-polarity to overwhelming hegemony economic growth and political influence.. A geographic scope of interests, actions, or significant, powers have existed throughout history other powers! Of Vienna larger than its regional confines and have projected interests on a scale. Publishers Ltd definition of great power is another term used to refer to a superpower country strength is foundation! But left along with Japan, great power definition the Quest for hegemony in the last for. And status dimensions mentioned in the foreign Policies of the great power definition - power... Zbigniew Brzezinski and David A. Robinson already regard India as a part of the world 's wealth because strength! Determining a great power competition with China and Russia regional issues recognized formally informally. From multi-polarity to overwhelming hegemony apart from one observed by the assessor with you Mearsheimer, United. Beyond the top two would be imprecise at best social and economic influence make it major!

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